KIEV – The first explosions took place in Ukrainian cities before dawn on Thursday, when Russian President Vladimir Putin began his long-awaited military operation in Ukraine.
In a televised address from the start of the attack, Putin warned other countries that any attempt to intervene “would lead to consequences you have never seen in history.”
US President Joe Biden said the world would “bring Russia to justice”. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has condemned Russia’s actions as a violation of international law and a threat to European security.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine stated that Russia’s intention was to destroy the state of Ukraine, a democracy that is oriented towards the West, which intends to withdraw from Moscow’s orbit.
Here are some things you need to know on the conflict over Ukraine and the security crisis in Eastern Europe:
PUTIN MAKES HIS MOVE
Putin said the military operation was necessary to protect civilians in eastern Ukraine – a statement the United States predicted he would falsely make to justify the invasion.
Putin has accused the United States and its allies of ignoring Russia’s demands to block Ukraine from joining NATO and offer Moscow security guarantees.
Putin has stated that Russia does not intend to occupy Ukraine, but will “demilitarize” it. Shortly after his return, explosions erupted in Kyiv, Kharkiv, and Odessa. Russia has said it is attacking military facilities.
He called on the Ukrainian military to “immediately lay down their arms and go home.”
The Border Guard Service of Ukraine stated that the Russian military attacked from neighboring Belarus, firing a barrage of artillery. The agency reported that Ukrainian border guards opened fire in response, adding that there were no direct reports of casualties. Russian servicemen were in Belarus for military exercises.
THE WEST RESPONDS QUICKLY
Biden and Stoltenberg quickly condemned Russia’s attack as unprovoked and unjustified.
Putin “has chosen a deliberate war that will bring catastrophic loss of life and human suffering,” Biden said in a statement.
Biden promised united and decisive responses from the United States and its allies. “The world will bring Russia to justice,” he said.
“Despite our repeated warnings and tireless efforts in diplomacy, Russia has chosen the path of aggression against a sovereign and independent country,” the NATO leader said.
THE PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE INVITES TO REST
When the first explosions were heard, residents of the capital of Ukraine, Kyiv, were heard shouting in the streets. But some normalcy quickly returned when cars drove through the streets in the morning.
President Vladimir Zelensky made a video statement declaring martial law. He told Ukrainians that the United States was gathering international support to respond to Russia. He urged residents to remain calm and stay at home.
FOREIGN MARKETS ARE FALLING
Asian stock markets have collapsed and oil prices have risen since Putin announced Russia’s military action in Ukraine.
Market benchmarks in Tokyo and Seoul fell 2%, while Hong Kong and Sydney lost more than 3%. Oil prices have jumped by almost $ 3 a barrel due to concerns about a possible disruption in supplies from Russia.
PUTIN’S DECLARATION surpasses emergency session of UN Security Council
At an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council convened by Ukraine because of the imminent threat of Russian invasion.
Opening the meeting just before Putin’s statement, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres told Putin: “Stop your troops from attacking Ukraine. Give the world a chance. Too many people have already died. “
Guterres later asked Putin to “return your troops to Russia in the name of humanity.”
WHEN WILL THE EVENT INTRODUCE MORE SANCTIONS?
Ukraine’s forces do not coincide with Moscow’s military might, so Kiev hopes that other countries will strike a heavy blow at Russia – with sanctions.
Biden on Wednesday authorized sanctions against the company that built the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline from Russia to Germany, and against the company’s CEO.
Biden waived sanctions last year when the project was nearly completed, in exchange for an agreement with Germany to take action against Russia if it uses gas as a weapon or attacks Ukraine. On Tuesday, Germany said it was suspending the pipeline indefinitely.
He said more sanctions would be announced on Thursday.
Western supporters of Ukraine said on Tuesday they had already sent a serious message with the first batch of sanctions.
“This is the toughest sanctions regime we have ever imposed on Russia,” British Foreign Secretary Liz Trass said Wednesday on measures aimed at banks that finance Russian troops and oligarchs. “But it will go further when we see a full-scale invasion of Ukraine.”
The The European Union has been finalized a similar package, which also targets lawmakers in the lower house of the Russian parliament and tightens Moscow’s access to the EU’s financial and capital markets.
The U.S. action, announced Tuesday, is aimed at high-ranking Russian officials and two Russian banks that are considered particularly close to the Kremlin and the Russian military, with assets of more than $ 80 billion.
WHAT SANCTIONS HAVE BEEN CONSIDERED IN US, WHEN RUSSIA IS ATTENTION?
The Biden administration has made it clear that it has tough financial sanctions in place in the event of such a Russian invasion.
The United States has not specified what action it will take now, although administration officials have made it clear that full sanctions against major Russian banks are a likely option. So are export restrictions, which deny Russia high-tech U.S. for its industry and military.
Another tough measure under consideration would effectively rid Russia of much of the global financial system.
HOW IS THE UKRAINIAN ECONOMY CONTAINING?
Most likely, the threat of war eroded the economy in Ukraine, not Russia.
Embassies and international missions in Kyiv closed one after another. Flight after flight was canceled when insurance companies refused to cover aircraft arriving in Ukraine. Hundreds of millions of dollars of investment have dried up in a matter of weeks.
The squeezing Ukraine’s economy is a key destabilizing tactic in what the government describes as a “hybrid war” designed to eat away at the country from within.
Economic problems include restaurants that dare not keep food on hand for more than a few days, suspended plans to set up a hydrogen plant that could help wean Europe off Russian gas, and uncertain conditions for shipping in the Black Sea, where container vessels need to be careful. bypassed Russian warships.
UKRAINE SEES MORE CYBERATS
On Thursday morning, the websites of the Ministries of Defense, Foreign and Internal Affairs of Ukraine were unavailable or loaded very slowly. punished wave of distributed denial-of-service attacks how Russia hit its neighbor.
In addition to DDoS attacks on Wednesday, cybersecurity researchers said unknown assailants infected hundreds of computers with destructive malware, some in neighboring Latvia and Lithuania.
Officials have long expected that cyberattacks would precede and accompany any Russian military invasion.
HOW DID THE CONFLICT BE SEEN IN RUSSIA?
Russian state media covered Moscow in preparation for the attack how to come to the rescue war-torn areas of eastern Ukraine, whose inhabitants were tortured by the aggression of Ukraine.
“You paid with blood for these eight years of suffering and expectations,” host Olga Skabeeva said during a popular political talk show on Tuesday morning. “Russia will now defend the Donbass.”
The first channel received a more festive tone, its correspondent in Donetsk said that locals “say this is the best news of the last years of the war.”
“Now they have confidence in the future and that the long war will finally end,” she said.
Another question is whether ordinary Russians bought it.
Associated Press authors around the world have contributed to this report.
Follow the coverage of tensions between Russia and Ukraine at /hub/russia-ukraine
Copyright 2022 . All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or distributed without permission.